Rehabilitation unit design

The design of rehabilitation units should cater for both in- and out-patient needs and a wide range of patient dependency and mobility levels. They should be designed to maximise patient function and independence and minimise patient handling risk to both patient and caregiver. Rehabilitation units can include bedrooms, bathrooms, recreational and therapy areas, for example ADL (activities for daily living) training, gyms and hydrotherapy areas.

In comparison to other areas of the facility, rehabilitation units use a wider range of equipment including:

  • Patient handling equipment such as mobile lifts, ceiling lifts and sit-to-stand lifts
  • Therapy equipment such as parallel walking bars, gym equipment and height-adjustable treatment tables
  • Mobility equipment such as wheelchairs and walking aids
  • ADL equipment in appropriate setting (kitchen, garden and craft areas)


Hydrotherapy pools are used by vulnerable people therefore must be safe and accessible. All pools need accessible changing facilities for able-bodied and disabled people. The edge of the pool should be in a contrast colour to the pool water and provide sufficient space (2-2.5 m wide) for the circulation of mobile lifts and wheelchairs. A ceiling lift is recommended for support, gait training, hydrotherapeutic activities, and for transfers into and out of the pool. For health and safety reasons all ceiling lift installations should be easily visible and/ or accessible for regular inspections. In general the following design guidelines should be followed:

  • Sufficient space for both supervision and circulation of patients and caregivers
  • Easily accessible alarm system and life-saving equipment
  • Clear view at all times for supervision and safety

Ensure that the design of the rehabilitation unit takes into account sufficient storage areas for all equipment.

The Hill-Rom Construction Portal brings you supporting tools to design your specific area according to local spatial requirements and regulations. Click on one of the options below for further information.

CAD blocks 2D

CAD blocks 3D


Instructions and guides